Byzantium


Byzantium
   The eastern Roman Empire, ruled from Constantinople from 330-1453; i.e., from the time Constantine I the Great (q.v.) dedicated his new imperial capital Constantinople (formerly called Byzantion [qq.v.]) to the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 by the Ottomans (q.v.). The term "Byzantium" is a creation of Hieronymus Wolf (1516-1580), librarian and secretary to the Fuggers in Augsburg, who published the works of Zonaras and Niketas Choniates (qq.v.). After 330, the Roman Empire evolved into a multi-ethnic, Christian, Greek-speaking state, one whose orientation after the sixth century was progressively eastward-looking. Nevertheless, the inhabitants of the empire continued to refer to themselves as Romans (Romaioi), and their state as Romania.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Byzantium — (Кастория,Греция) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Methodiou Anthrakiti, Кастори …   Каталог отелей

  • Byzantium — prop. n. An ancient city on the Bosphorus founded by the Greeks. It was later renamed {Constaninople} in honor of the emperor Constantine, and renamed {Istanbul} by the Turks, which name it still retains. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Byzantĭum — (Byzanz), alter Name von Constantinopel, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • BYZANTIUM — urbs Thraciae. Hanc pleraque Historia Spartanis adseribit conditam. Iustin. l. 9. c. 1. et Isidorus a Pausania rege, Claudianus a Byzante quodam non obscure exstructam vel saltem restauraram vuit: in Eutropium l. 2. v. 83. Conditor: hoc Byzas… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Byzantium — said to be named for its 7c. B.C.E. Gk. founder, Byzas of Megara …   Etymology dictionary

  • Byzantium — [bi zan′shē əm, bi zan′tē əm] ancient city (founded 600? B.C. ) on the site of modern ISTANBUL: name changed to CONSTANTINOPLE, A.D. 330 …   English World dictionary

  • Byzantium — This article is about the city. See also Byzantine Empire. Byzantium (Greek: Βυζάντιον, Latin: la. BYZANTIVM, la. Byzantium) was an ancient Greek city, which was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas or …   Wikipedia

  • Byzantium! — Doctorwhobook title=Byzantium! series=Past Doctor Adventures number=44 featuring=First Doctor Ian, Barbara, and Vicki writer=Keith Topping publisher=BBC Books isbn=ISBN 0 563 53836 8 set between= The Rescue and The Romans pages=283 date=July 2001 …   Wikipedia

  • Byzantium — Geschichte Istanbuls Byzantion Chalcedon Chrysopolis Hiereia Konstantinopel Pera Istanbul …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BYZANTIUM —    Greek city founded 667 B.C. at the entrench to the Bosphorus which became the New Rome of CONSTANTINE in 330 A.D. After that date the city was called Constantinople until its fall to the Turks in 1453 when it became Istanbul. Byzantium has… …   Concise dictionary of Religion


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